Aptly enough for Anzac Day, Captain Eric Wren, late of the 3rd Battalion, A.I.F., has written his history of the battalion under the title of “From Randwick to Hargicourt”. (pub-lished by Ronald G. McDonald, Sydney). General Sir Nevill Smyth, V.C., writes a foreword, and there are messages of congratulation to survivors of the old battalion from the late Major-General Sir Horace Walker (who formerly commanded the 1st Division) and Brigadier-General Lesulle (formerly com- mander of 1st Brigade). Captain Wren has had to collect the material for this story from many sources within and without the ranks of the unit. It might, have been written, he states, sixteen years ago, but for good and sufficient reasons was not. He thinks that the story can now be told better. In the “mellowed perspective” of twenty years after; and certainly this writer, who has read many war reminiscences and unit histories, is convinced that It could not be told better than Captain Wren has told it here.



In the dim light of the breaking dawn the enemy were often mistaken for our own men. Lieut Loveday, commanding B Company, anxiously guiding the direction of the troops, mistook a party of Germans for Australians. Calling out “Keep to the left” – “Keep to the left”, he suddenly found himself in a life and death struggle with a German under-officer.He was getting by no means the best of the encounter when one of his men managed to work his bayonet between the struggling figures and dispatched the Germans.


Major-General Sir Nevill M. Smyth, V.C., K.C.B.,
In command of the 1st Australian Infantry Brigade from May, 1915 to December, 1916.

The valour, endurance and intelligence of the Australian soldier shone conspicuously under the most trying conditions of the war of 1914 to 1919, and the authentic record of the 3rd Australia Battalion reveals deeds so heroic and so prodigious that I commend its perusal to every Australian and to every person who revers the noble deeds of our forebears, and draws inspiration from the pictures which fill the imagination when we read the actions of such men as Abercromby, Lord Nelson, Broke, Livingstone, General Gordon, and others to whose noble characters, unheard of by the world, are only known to a few.


To my Comrades of the 3rd Battalion, A.I.F.
Brigadier-General W. B. Lesslie,
C.B., C.M.G., R.E.,
Commanded 1st Infantry Brigade, A.I.F., 1917-18.

This record of the service of the battalion throughout the Great War must comment itself to you, and to all others who had the good fortune to be associated with you.

It is fitting that the forward has been written by Sir Nevill Smyth, V.C., who was your brigade commander in muc


Research (Reading, Justin)

  1. Casualties of War – a family connection
  2. Belgium 1917 Part 1
  3. Belgium 1917 Part 2
  4. Belgium 1917 Part 3
  5. The Privileges of Rank
  6. Belgium 1917 Part 4
  7. Belgium 1917 Part 5
  8. Belgium 1917 Final
  9. The Mysterious Red Writing – Maricourt Wood

Randwick to Hargicourt (Wren, Eric)

  1. Euripides 1914
  2. Rest & Relaxation, Shenanigans & Tomfoolery, Official Duties, and Training for War – and not necessarily in that order!!
  3. The First ANZAC Day (1915) Part 1
  4. The First ANZAC Day (1915) Part 2
  5. The First ANZAC Day (1915) Part 3
  6. The Armistice and Afterwards
  7. Message from Lieutenant-General Sir H. B. Walker K.C.B., K.C.M.G., D.S.O.,

Message from
Lieutenant-General Sir H. B. Walker
K.CB., K.C.M.G., D.S.O.,
In command of the 1st Brigade and subsequently the 1st Division.
To Lieutenant-Colonel D. T. Moore, Officers, N.C.Os and men of the 3rd Battalion A.I.F.

I greatly appreciate having been asked by your historian to add a message to you on the publication of your Regimental History.

I had the honour to have the battalion under my command as G.O.C. 1st Brigade on Gallipoli, and subsequently as the divisional commander till 30 June 1918.

I am very grateful at having this opportunity of paying tribute to your consistent gallantry and high standard of efficiency during those trying times. Space does not permit my saying all I should like, and my Gallipoli diaries, which recorded so much of the doings of your battalion there, were lost when I was evacuated for wounds in October 1915. But I have vivid recollections of my close association with your original battalion commander, Colonel Owen – of his friendship and charming personality – and then the capture of Lone Pine i which your battalion participated and where, if my memory serves me right, you list 70 per cent of your officers, including one of my warmest friends, Colonel E.S. Brown – whose body, I fear, was never recovered [*] – with his death and the and the loss of so many officers, the possibility of having someone able to speak on behalf of so much individual gallantry on the part of survivors, was lost.

And then in France when I lost a personal friend in McConaghy, and Howell-Price – the first of the three gallant brothers to give their lives.

Your battalion with its accustomed gallantry and sangfroid took part in the costly through successful attacks at Pozières.

Colonel Moore must look back with pride and satisfaction on the prominent part he and his battalion played in the complicated but entirely successful attack on Hermies in April in 1917, which was one of the most important operations carried out that year in front of the Hindenburg Line. A few days later the battalion again demonstrated its high standard of training and gallantry, in successfully resisting the German attack on the 1st Brigade front. Here the division held a front of over 12,000 yards.

In no case was the battalion fornt penetrated, whereas the German dead lay thick before them.

In the Second Battle of Bullecourt, in the following month, your battalion was taken to reinforce the 2nd Division – and I learnt afterwards the COlonel Moore’s cool-head tactics and the gallantry of his battalion contributed largely to success.

Through the long drawn out Third Battle of Ypres, your battalion added to its reputation for unflinching bravery, losing some 20 officers and over 400 other ranks.

In 1918 on the Hazebrouck front your battalion heavily defeated a German attack on your line, and again later it operated on a strong raid on Meteren, thus helping to prepare the way for a next forward advance of the 1st Division if required. Here my lengthy association with you and the A.I.F. terminated. But I have been able to follow your carrer through Reveille to some extent, and your doings in Lord Rawlinson’s Army during the closing scenes of the War in France. Here the capture of “Bif Bertha” and the Battle of Chuignes by your battalion appeals to me as one of your crowning achievements in the war.

New South Wales has reason to be proud of its battalions, but of none more so than yours.

Harold Walker

Palace Lodge,
5th February, 1934.

* [The Red Cross file of Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Samuel BROWN has a statement from a stretcher bearer in the 3rd stating that BROWN was last seen in the first Turkish line at Lone Pine. His remains must have ultimately been recovered because he was reburied in Plot II. E. 6. of Beach Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey]

The Australian War Graves Photographic Archive began in 2000, and is committed to procuring a digital photograph of every Australian War Grave and Memorial Commemoration; worldwide. This commitment stems from a labour of respect dedicated to the supreme sacrifice made by our Australian military personnel. It is through this that we are committed to seeing this non-profit project to its completion.

Most Australians are aware of the service participation of our Armed forces; past and present, but many, especially those from more recent generations may be surprised by the extent of that service. The fact that more than 102,000 Australian military personnel are commemorated in 83 countries throughout the world is testament to this. This number will continue to rise, as long as Australians serve in conflicts around the world.

The photographs procured throughout this project are being used to populate the searchable database. It will be accessible to all Australians and will attempt to continue and extend the awareness of the ‘ANZAC’ spirit.

The formation of this web site should be seen as an attempt to increase the accessibility of information and images related to Australian war graves and memorials, many from places deemed quite inaccessible. Every Australian will be able to access the web site, locate an individual war grave or commemoration via the search engine, and peruse information pertaining to that war casualty and obtain a copy for posterity (if required).

The project has employed many hundreds of willing volunteers, including students, current and past military personnel (including Cadets), Historical and Genealogical Societies and Associations, schools and youth groups, Social Clubs, Australian individuals, international communities and travellers.

The AWGPA is a totally non-profit endeavour, and any funding, contributions or assistance of a financial or in kind nature is utilised in a manner befitting the memory of our brave forebears. In the lead up to the ‘Centenary of Anzac’ and the many other significant military anniversaries, we are proud to now have this important resource.

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