image

3rd Battalion AIF panels

image

GIBBS, William Taylor

Lest We Forget

11 April 1930
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/76319824

The Biz
Fairfield, NSW
Friday 11 April 1930

Birdwiid_Honorary_Colonel

10 February 1937 – Battalion History supplied to Oxley Memorial Library
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/36870600

The Courier-Mail
Brisbane, QLD
Thursday 11 February 1937

Battalion_History_Oxley_Library


WARNING: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are warned that the following blog post contains the first name of a deceased person.

So violent a squall was sweeping past the ship at this moment, that no sound was heard of the usual splash, which made the sailors allege that their young favourite never touched the water at all, but was at once carried off in the gale to his final resting place!
Herman Melville, on a sea burial in 1843

The practice of burial at sea (or in water), in varying forms, was adopted by many cultures throughout history. Others, like the Vikings, practiced land based cremation of sailors and their ships and either scattered the ashes at sea or pushed the still alight ship out into the water. The practice of actually wrapping a sailors body in a shroud of a ships sail (or sleeping hammock) and weighing it down with lead shot (or cannon balls) began with British seafarers, in particular the British Navy, whilst the French or Spanish would traditionally keep the remains until a land cemetery could be located.

In my previous posts (Euripides 1914Roll of Honour – Burial at Sea) I wrote about the first casualties of the 3rd Battalion for the war, and some of those from the Gallipoli campaign, who succumbed to their wounds, or sickness, and were buried at sea.

This post will seek to list all of the soldiers of the 3rd Battalion now identified as having been buried at sea, and where possible, the burial location and name of vessel they were on at the time of their passing. The soldiers names listed here appear on: the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli; the Chatby Memorial, Egypt; and the Hollybrook Memorial, England.

Turkey – Gallipoli Campaign – All names appear on Lone Pine Memorial

SS Caledonia
1493 Private BALDWIN, Harry
His service record states that he died, on 07 August 1915, from effects of abdominal wound received in action and was buried at sea by E.T. Clarke between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

SS Delta
2253 Private TREFFONE, Harold Miller
His Red Cross file states that he died, on 08 August 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea.

939 Private HERRING, Edward Edgar
His service record states that he died, on 09 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to throat, thorax and abdomen received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend H.S. Marshall between Mudros and Alexandria .

1336 Corporal HAUA, Andrew Charles
His service record states that he died, on 11 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to chest received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend H.S. Marshall between Mudros and Alexandria.

1753 Sergeant HERON, William
His service record states that he died, on 11 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to left shoulder and thigh received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend H.S. Marshall between Mudros and Alexandria.

SS Derflinger
911 Private McGUIRK, Thomas Alexander
His service record states that he died, on 28 April 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend E Mc??? Brown between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

1171 Private REYNOLDS, Frederick
His service record states that he died, on 28 April 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea.

323 Private EATHER, John
His Red Cross file states that he drowned in the first landing in Gallipoli. There is a first hand account in the file of his drowning given by his squad mate 382 WELCH. Interestingly, this appears to be the only 3rd Battalion soldier who drowned during the landings who’s body was not subsequently recovered.

77 Private WILLIS, Arthur Joseph
His service record states that he died, on 29 April 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend A.E. Talbot.

712 Private CHEAL, Edwin Harold
His service record states that he died, on 30 April 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Chaplin A.E. Talbot

1392 Private VAGG, Stewart Parnell
Both his Red Cross file and service record state that he died, on 30 April 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea by Reverend A.E. Talbot.

SS Devanha
1641 Private WIGGINS, Albert George
His service record states that he died, on 09 August 1915, of wounds received in action, however, it also states that he was taken ashore at Anzac for burial.

HS Dongola
482 Sergeant HOLDAWAY, William James
Both his Red Cross File and service record state that he died, on 04 May 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea between Sedd el Baher and Gaba Tepe by Rev P.W. Clarkson.

SS Dunluce Castle
1869 Private AITKIN, Frank Keith
His service record states that he died, on 07 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) received in action and was buried at sea.

2266 Private STEWART, Robert Arthur
His service record states that he died, on 07 August 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea.

2188 Private VILES, William James
His service record states that he died, on 07 August 1915, of effects of gunshot wounds (GSW) to the abdomen received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend A Maxwell.

1859 Private McGREGOR, James
His service record states that he died, on 08 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the head received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend A Maxwell.

1771 Private MILLER, Thomas
His service record states that he died, on 08 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the thigh received in action and was buried at sea near Malta.

1301 Sergeant DAVIS, David John Reginald
His service record states that he died, on 10 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to thigh received in action and was buried at sea.

131 Private HAWORTH, Benjamin
His service record states that he died, on 10 August 1915, from effects of abdominal and thigh wound received in action and was buried at sea by E.T. Clarke between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

1387 Private LARKING, Cyril Frederick
His service record states that he died, on 10 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to abdomen received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend A. Maxwell.

2159 Private LEWIS, Arthur Dudley
His service record states that he died, on 10 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to arm and was buried at sea by Reverend A. Maxwell.

HS(SS) Galeka
1483 Sergeant CAVILL, Walter William
His service record states he died, on 25 April 1915, from wounds received in action whilst on board HS Galkea. However, there is a note in his record which also states he was buried at Walkers Ridge. There is no confirmation he was buried at sea.

950 Private LOGAN, William Frederick
His red cross file states that he died, on 25 April 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea.

SS Gascon
Captain DOUGLAS, William Bowman
His service record states he died, on 05 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Commander W.F. Stanley R.N.R.

Lieutenant CADELL, Thomas Leonard
His service record states that he died, on 22 June 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea off Gaba Tepe.

2022 Private SMITH, James
His service record states that he died of wounds, on 25 June 1915 and was buried at sea.

157 Private MACLURE, Valentine Murray
His service record states that he died, on 07 July 1915, from effects of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Reverend C.H. Mayne between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

1340 Private HAGUE, Henry
His Red Cross file states that he died of Pneumonia, on 17 July 1915, and was buried at sea. Hi service record states died of pneumonia, on 17 July 1915, and was buried at sea near Malta. His service record also states buried 3 miles of Gaba Tepe by Reverend C.H. Mayne.

1936 Private DAVIES, Frederick James
His service record states that he died, on 20 July 1915, of Gun Shot Wounds (GSW) to the chest which he received in action and was buried at sea near Malta.

576 Driver TAYLOR, James
His service record states that he died, on 23 July 1915, of wounds and buried at sea.

1594 Private WILLIAMSON, Henry
His service record states that he died, on 23 July 1915, of Gun Shot Wounds (GSW) to the chest which he received in action and was buried at sea.

1519 Private COOPER, Hugh
His service record states that he died, on 31 August 1915, of effects of Gun Shot Wounds (GSW) to right forearm and left leg and was buried at sea by Rev. C. Mayne. This is the only service record that was found to have recorded a longitude and latitude for the burial location, Lat. 35° 1N, Long. 27° 44E, which is located off the east coast of Crete.

2343 Private DRAIN, Edward
His service record states that he died, on 11 September 1915, from effects of Gun Shot Wounds (GSW) to the chest and was buried by Reverend E. Hughes between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

SS Gloucester Castle
771 Private PATTON Eric Wyatt
His service record states that he died, on 09 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Captain T.H. Wildford between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

SS Guildford Castle
1513 Private BOURKE, James
His service record states that he died, on 14 August 1915, from effects of bomb wounds received in action and was buried at sea by Chief Officer C.N. Bickford.

SS Lutzow
1569 Private POWER, William Jeffrey
His service record states that he died, on 07 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea.

HS Maheno
2146 Private HILL Frederick William
His service record states that he died, on 03 September 1915, from effects of shrapnel wounds to shoulder, neck and spine received in action and was buried at sea by Major Cyril J. Griffiths.

HS Rewa
Captain MACFARLANE, Edward
His service record states that he died, on 02 August 1915, from effects of gunshot wounds (GSW) to head and was buried at sea by Reverend V.L. Kelan(??).

1109 Private CHARLTON, Matthew Mark
His service record states that he died, on 17 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the neck received in action and was buried at sea by Rev. V.L. Keelan(??) R.N.

2156 Private NORRIS, Frank (a.k.a MORRIS)
His service record states that he died, on 03 August 1915, from effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the neck and was buried at sea by Rev. V.L. Keelan.

HS Seang Choon
980 Private TUDENHAM, George Frederick
His service record states that he died, on 30 April 1915, from effects of wounds received in action and was buried at sea by A Sullivan(??).

SS Sicilia
1845 Private WEBSTER, Arthur William
His service record states that he died, on 11 August 1915, of effects of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the mouth received in action and was buried at Sea by Reverend E Teal between Gallipoli and Alexandria.

HS Somali
1099 Private BRENNAN, William Gregory
His service records states that he died, on 24 April 1915, of gun shot wounds (GSW) to the head received in action and was buried at sea off Gaba Tepe. However, his service record also states “Buried in Valley of Death by Rev. McKenzie”.

SS Soudan
1385 Private SHARP, John
His service record states he died, on 26 April 1915, from effects of wounds received in action. His record states that originally died on a HMT vessel (name is not readable) and transferred to the Soudan for burial at sea by Rev. J. McPhee(??).

Second Lieutenant BURLEY, Leslie James
His service record states that he died, on 20 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea.

583 Private MURRAY, Charles
His service record states that he died, on 20 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea.

794 Private WILSON, Edgar Ralph
His service record states he died, on 21 May 1915, of wounds received in action and was buried at sea.

1546 Private EGAN, Patrick
His Red Cross file shows considerable confusion as to circumstances of death. His service record states that he died, on 25 May 1915, from wounds received in action. There is no confirmation that he buried at sea.

1127 Private HAYMAN, Spencer Alexander
His service record states that he died, on 25 April 1915, from wounds received in action. There is no confirmation that he buried at sea.

No vessel recorded
373 Lance Corporal SMITH, Harry Joseph Sinclair
His service record states that he died, on 23 June 1915, of wounds and was buried at sea by Rev. L. Warner 3 miles off Gaba Tepe.

1132 Private HEAD, John
He died on 29 June 1915. No Service Record or Red Cross file found.

Egypt (Chatby Memorial)

HMAT Euripides (A14)
147 Private KENDAL, Varley Haddon
Refer Euripides 1914 blog post

295 Private LOWE, John Selby
Refer Euripides 1914 blog post

HMAT Orsova (A67)
2501 Private DALY, Augustine
His service record states that he died, on 02 August 1915, of pneumonia and was buried at sea.

HMAT Aeneas (A60)
4360 Private DAVIES, Alfred Lovney
His service record states that he died, on 29 December 1915, of pneumonia and was buried at sea.

HMAT Themistocles (A32)
1141 Private KEVIN, David Henry
His service record states that he died, on 21 January 1915, of measles and pneumonia and was buried at sea, en route to Aden.

England (Hollybrook Memorial)

HMAT Ceramic (A40)
6479 Private BURTON, Victor Raymond
His service record states that died, on 16 Novmeber 1916, of sickness and was buried at sea. His record also states that his was the only death on the voyage.

HMAT Benalla (A24)
6977 Private COMBO, Benjamin
His service record states that he died, on 29 November 1916, of sickness and was buried at sea.

7049 Private OSBORNE, Horace Bowden
His service record states that he died, on 29 November 1916, of sickness and was buried at sea.

HMAT Clan Macgillivray (A46)
7359 Private IRWIN, Arthur Francis
His service record states the outcome of a Court of Inquiry into his disappearance was that he accidently drowned at sea on 15 July 1917. However, his disappearance appears to have occurred not long after he was “medically discharged” whilst still underway on the voyage to England. Click here to review his service record in full.

Interestingly, the one thing that all these men have in common is the reluctance of the military of the time to proactively inform relatives that their son had died, and was buried, at sea. With the exception of a few, all of the initial notices to relatives/official contacts fail to mention the “location” of their burial, I suspect mainly because they were unable to fall back on the “missing” category normally employed. If a few cases the actual circumstances of their burial location were only revealed after much poking and prodding via written correspondence.

Sources:
Desert Column, Australian Military History of the early 20th century, His Majesty’s Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships, http://alh-research.tripod.com/ships_lh.htm

History of Death, Water Burials, History Channel UK, http://www.history.co.uk/study-topics/history-of-death/water-burials

Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914-1918, Volume 1 – Gallipoli, Palestine and New Guinea (2nd Edition, 1938), Part 1 – The Gallipoli Campaign, Chapter IX – The Landing: Lines of Communication, http://static.awm.gov.au/images/collection/pdf/RCDIG1069908–1-.PDF

ANZAC 100

A documentary series which will digitally reconstruct a number of key battles fought by Anzac troops during the First World War.

The goal of this project is to produce a proof of concept video which demonstrates what the series will look like.

Creating a documentary series is an enormous task that requires a dedicated team with major industry backing. One of the best ways to grab the attention of the broadcast industry and get the series financed, is through a proof of concept video. A proof of concept video will demonstrate a small sample of the final product. It shows potential investors exactly what it is they are investing in and demonstrates that the team involved are capable of realising a creative vision.

Creating this proof of concept is the next step toward getting the backing required to produce a full 8 part documentary series.

This video will cover elements of two separate events which unfolded on the day of the Gallipoli landings in 1915.

The first is the ill fated landing of part of the 7th Battalion just north of Anzac Cove. 140 men, packed tightly into 4 row boats were met with fierce resistance from the Turkish defenders and only 40 made it ashore alive. We will follow them as they row unwittingly into their own tragic chapter of history and we’ll cover the deeds of their comrades who tried desperately to avoid the tragedy.

The second event will be the furthest advance inland made by any Anzac troops. Small pockets of men from the 10th Battalion, advancing on their own initiative, pushed to a place that came to be known as Scrubby Knoll. We will follow them and observe the reckless courage behind such deeds.

Your pledge will help to pay for the following:

- 3D and visual effects artists to help create the digital assets which will be used in this production
- Motion capture services to help with animating the characters
- Voice actors to give the characters personality
- Sound engineering to recreate the sounds of a battlefield from the frantic footfall of issued boots across the ground to the shrieking of incoming artillery
- Render farm hire to do all the digital grunt work needed for producing the final polished work, one frame at a time.

With your help, these incredible stories of human endurance, mateship and sacrifice will be taken from the pages of history and put on the screen in stunning detail.

For more information about the series, which is intended to be made based on the strength of this proof of concept, go to www.anzac100.com.au

Soldiers Reunions

3rd Battalion A.I.F. Association

1928 – Saturday 29 September 1928 – Burlington Café

1929 – Wednesday 3 April 1929 – Railway Institute, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16543236?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20soldiers%20reunions%20aif&searchLimits=

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16543536?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1929 – Saturday 5 October 1929 – Dungoan, Martin Place, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16589899?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16590508?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1931 – Tuesday 12 May 1931 – ???

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16777238?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20soldiers%20reunions%20aif&searchLimits=

1931 – 27 June 1931 – Miss Bishop’s Café, Bathurst Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16486019?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22&searchLimits=

1932 – Thursday 14 July 1932 – Railway Institute

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16893491?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1932 – 1 October 1932 – Railway Institute (Eric Wren in attendance with Col. D.T. Moore)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16896382?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22&searchLimits=

1933 – Saturday 30 September 1933 – Miss Bishop’s Café, Bathurst Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17011847?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20armistice%20aif&searchLimits=

1934 – Saturday 29 September 1934 – Miss Bishop’s Café, 117 Bathurst Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17130954?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20soldiers%20reunions%20aif&searchLimits=

1935 – Monday 7 October 1954 – ????

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17207128?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20soldiers%20reunions%20aif&searchLimits=

1935 – ?? August 1936 – Pozieres Reunion, Crystal Palace Ballroom (1st Brigade – First social event to which women were invited)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17264180?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1936 – 3 October 1936 – Sargent’s, Market Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17279867?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20soldiers%20reunions%20aif&searchLimits=

1937 – Saturday 25 April 1937 – Sargent’s, 55 Market Street, Sydney (Lt-Col. D Moore in attendance)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17362950?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1938 – 25 April 1938 – Sargent’s, 55 Market Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17448045?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1938 – 1 October 1938 – Sargent’s, 55 Market Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17519828?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22&searchLimits=

1941 – 25 April 1941 – Sargent’s, 55 Market Street, Sydney

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17719231

1946 – 25 April 1946 – GPO Martin Place

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/17977430?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1947 – ?? August 1947 – Home of Mr. and Mrs. Nordayan in Canberra

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/2721946?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

1948 – 25 April 1948 – ANZAC Day March
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/18069075

1953 – 25 April 1953 – Anzac Day March with 2/3 Battalion 2nd AIF

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/18364939?searchTerm=%223rd%20battalion%22%20aif%20reunion&searchLimits=

This time two years ago I wrote a post about the experiences of the 3rd Battalion AIF on board the Euripides, as it sailed from Sydney to Egypt via Western Australia.

Two days ago I received in the mail a very rare item which is related to this historic voyage. I have been unable to locate any information anywhere about this item. It would appear that even the Australian War Memorial may not have one of these in their collection.

It is a small pamphlet titled Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force – List of Transports – Conveying the First Contingent to Leave Australia – 1914 which lists all of the Troopships (separated into four divisions: Division No. I; Division No. II; Division No. III; and New Zealanders) and their escort warships.

 

Whilst it would appear that this pamphlet may not have belonged to a soldier of the 3rd Battalion AIF, it does appear that these may have been handed out to those who were on the voyage upon their arrival in Egypt. The reasoning behind this thinking is the markings on the third and fourth pages of the pamphlet.

There is a small “X” (written in pencil) alongside the vessel named [HMAT] Omrah in the division III group and there is a personalised message written on the back Egypt Alexandria Dec 10th 1914 ___ ___, with the last two words proving difficult to decipher.

If anyone has any thought’s as to what the last two words might be I’d love to hear from you so please leave a comment below.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 110 other followers